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发表于 2014-3-5 16:36:02 | 查看: 73| 回复: 1
  动词替换:

  1.Improve 提高:

  Promote: 促进AC之间的贸易promote the trade between A and C; He was promoted to senior manager in this company.

  Advance: our understanding of human genetics has considerably(非常的,可换做vastly) advanced.

  Enhance: the publicity has enhanced his reputation.这次宣传提高了他的名望

  Reinforce: reinforce the interference of the autority and its ability of macroeconomic control 加强政府的干预和宏观调控能力

  2.change 改变:

  Transform:多指改头换面,完全改变,不能用于形容slight change。说到人口变化:the increasing population has transformed the landscape and structure of local industry structure.人口剧增改变了小镇的景色以及当地的工业结构

  3.Emphasize 强调:

  Highlight:the report highlight the decline in the numbers of native(可以换作local) plants and insects.
  highlight/emphase the significance/magnitude of… 强调…的重要性

  Stress: He stresses the need for parents to listen to their children.

  Accentuate: the crisis accentuates the gap between rich and poor.

  Address: address the ponderance of manipulating the inosculation between… and… in the right perspective 强调正确处理…关系的重要性

  (highlight and emphasize 的区别:highlight是告诉人们重点,因而能够让别人注意,类似于老师勾重点;而emphasize则是使重点清晰,不管别人是否能注意得到。而stress则和emphasize差不多)

  4.Develop培养:

  Cultivate: cultivate the ability of … ;培养情操;cultivate a more relaxed and positive way towards life.

  Nurture: 养育,同样可以指培养人才(talents)the sea nutures ample marine animals.

  5.Break 破坏:

  Impair:impair ability; 主要是破坏能力,莫乱用。

  Undermine这个词也是指的是抽象意义上的破坏,有逐渐削弱之意,重点是循序渐进的过程。Undermine one’s ability/confidence/authority/position/credibility

  Jeopardize: 不能乱用,破坏的东西要上一定的等级才能配上此词。比如Jeopardize the process of peace.破坏和平进程

  Devastate特指毁灭、蹂躏 the earthquake devastated the whole city.

  6.Keep 保存

  Preserve、Conserve 保护资源用的就是这个词,不要用protect,protect这个词用在保护具体的东西。

  7.deal With解决

  Tackle: tackle the problem.

  Resolve: resolve dispute争论/conflict冲突/problem/issue/crisis危机;来自拉丁语,比较正式。

  8.need 需要

  Require:xxx requires courage and confidence.

  Necessitate: 用法不简单,没有摸透。

  call for(这也是个很高级的用法,奥巴马就用这个【我不晓得奥巴马咋个用的,原帖是这样说的,并且call for也挺正式的】):跟need一样的用法

  形容词替换:

  1.Everywhere 普遍的

  Widespread: 随便用

  Prevalent:Drug abuse is especially prevalent among teenagers.

  Overflow:泛滥 the garden is overflew with colors of flowers.

  Rampant: 特指有害的东西泛滥,比如疾病,犯罪等,并且难于控制。H1n1 Virus is rampant in the world.甲流世界泛滥

  2.Good 好的(太多了)
  Impressive, glorious, amazing, brilliant, incredible, attractive…

  Beneficial(反义词:detrimental)the drug is beneficial to the immune system.
  be beneficial to fabricating conservation-minded and eco-friendly society 有助于建设两型社会

  Advantageous: 特指有益的。Advantageous industry:优势产业

  3.Harmful 有害的
  Unfavorable, horrible, disgusting

  Inhumane: 没人性的

  lousy (I’m fed up with the lousy job.)

  severe (severe problem, illness, injuries.)

  abysmal(低谷:their performance is abysmal.)

  Detrimental: smoking is detrimental to your health.

  Baneful: 现阶段用不到,文学作品里面的“邪恶”,完全诘屈聱牙。

  4.Rich 富有的

  Wealthy、Affluent、ample

  There are a myriad of stars in the Milky Way. (银河系好多星星啊!!)

  5.Poor 贫穷的

  Impoverished(动词表示使贫穷: The great depression had impoverished many third world countries.)an impoverished student.

  7.Serious 严重的

  Severe

  8.Obvious 明显的

  Manifest: a manifest error judge明显判断失误; Adv. Manifestly .e.g. a manifestly unfair system.

  Apparent、Evident

  Patent: patent impossibilities. 显然不可能的事。

  9.cheap 便宜的

  Economical:经济的,不浪费,而不是单纯指某物便宜。经济适用房:economically affordable housing。

  Inexpensive=cheap

  Reasonable:价格合理的。Reasonable price

  Affordable:能够支付的。

  名词替换:

  1.Forefather 祖先

  Ancestor、Predecessor

  2.Difference不同

  Gap(简单但是牛)沟,generation gap——very common use in CET-4/6

  Distinction: sharp/clear distinction between allergy and food intolerance (TBBT里面的Howard就有lactose intolerance,一吃peanuts就会肿,长荨麻疹rash哈哈。)

  再想牛就用schism。比如“填平两个分支学科之间的分歧”heal the schism between clinical medicine and public health.(有本书就叫这个。)

  3.Crime 犯罪

  Delinquency:一般crime都用不到。指道德败坏,违法行为,为显示词汇量可以与crime连用

  Criminal Act:犯罪行为

  4.Environment 环境

  Circumstance:under the circumstances. 相当抽象的词,“情况”。

  Surrounding:表示周围居住的环境,相当具体。Nearby可与之互换。The surrounding area. 有细心的同学指出如果surrounding单独用作“环境”的话,后面必须要加复数——surroundings,我查了字典后发现的确是这样,而不加复数则只能归到形容词。

  Atmosphere、Ambience:这两个词可替换,但是当atmosphere表示大气层的意思的时候则不能。

  5.Pollution 污染

  Contamination: 我觉得太装B了,他的pp还不错:contaminated water—特指被污染的水

  6.Human 人类

  Individual/men/ones/以及一切表示工人,农民公务员等等的词

  The human race

  Humankind

  Humanity:特别指出,用来表示人性。其他一概不要用。虽然也有人之类的意思。


  7.Danger 危险

  Hazard:化学、物理危害;隐患:polluted water is a hazard to wild life and nature;safety/nature hazard.

  8.In modern society 在当今社会

  In contemporary society

  In present-day society

  In this day and age(这是最牛的说法)


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发表于 2014-3-5 17:00:05
这也太那个了

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